Farmers First Coffee Brew Guide
Choose a method:
French press brewing can result in a full-flavored brew with deep sweetness and a rich body.
Equipment Needed: Scale, timer, coffee, water, french press
Brew Time: 4 minutes
Step 1: Grind
While the water is heating (195-205 degrees F), grind your coffee. French press coffee calls for a coarse, large, even grind. The correct grind size is very important to get the best out of your French Press.
Step 2: Choose your ratio
Choose how much coffee you will use, depending on your preference. We recommend a stronger 10:1 water-to-coffee ratio for the full-bodied flavor of the French Press. (Ex.~600 grams of water to 60 grams of coffee). Use a scale to measure accurately. Pour the coffee from your grinder into your French Press.
Step 3: Begin the first pour
Gently pour twice the amount of water than you have coffee onto your grounds (ex.~60 grams of coffee to 120 grams of water). Use a spoon to quickly stir the coffee for 5-10 seconds. This allows the sugars to escape, creating a sweetness in the cup.
Step 4: Pour the rest of the water
Add the rest of your water and stir one more time for 5-10 seconds. Place the lid on top of the grounds. Don’t plunge just yet. Let the coffee steep for four minutes. Four. Don’t guess. ;)
Step 5: Plunge
Gently remove your french press from the scale and place it on your counter. Press the plunger down. If it’s hard to press, that means your grind size is too fine; if the plunger pushes immediately down to the floor, it means your grind is too coarse. Adjust accordingly.
Step 6: Serve
When you’ve finished pressing, serve the coffee immediately. Don’t let it sit in the glass container, as this will cause it to continue brewing and over-extract.
Pour-over methods help you to control each variable, allowing you to get the very best out of your coffee. Pourovers make a distinctively clean and bright cup of coffee.
Equipment: Pourover (V60), filter, carafe, timer, scale, coffee, water, gooseneck kettle
Brew Time: 3-4 minutes
Note: The amount of coffee and water varies depending on the type of coffee you are brewing and your preferred strength. As a starting point for one cup of coffee, we recommend using 20 grams of coffee and 285 grams of water (about 10 ounces, a 14:1 ratio), and then adjust according to your taste.
Step 1: Rinse filter
Begin by heating your water (195-205 degrees F). Fold the bottom and side “creased edges” of the filter and place it into the pour over. Wet the filter by pouring hot water over the cone. This helps to heat up your brewing device and remove any paper taste. Discard the water from the pourover carafe into your coffee cup to preheat. Place the pour over on your scale and set it to 0.
Step 2: Grind and add Coffee
Grind the coffee to a coarseness resembling sea salt. Determine the amount of coffee you will brew and add it to the filter. We Recommend a 14:1 ratio. Pour the coffee into the filter and tap to even the coffee. Place the pour over onto a scale to begin brewing. Set the scale to 0.
Step 3: Wet the grounds
There will be a total of 4 pours, starting with the bloom. Start the timer and slowly pour the water to saturate the grounds of coffee at a 2:1 ratio (40 grams of water to 20 grams of coffee). This should take about 45 seconds. You will see the coffee rise up and “bloom”, the best part of the pour over method. Start in the middle and working in a circular motion to the outside of the coffee grounds. Avoid pouring water directly onto the filter. Slowly pour the water over the coffee to ensure an even wetting of all the coffee grounds.
Step 4: Complete the following 3 pours
Once you have let the coffee bloom, begin the second pour by evenly pouring the water, beginning in the middle and working your way to the outsides of the cone. The goal during this is to sink all of the grounds on the surface of the bed. This creates a gentle “stir” of the coffee, allowing water to evenly extract the grounds. For our example, you will add 80 grams of water for each of the second, third and fourth pours. Allow 45 seconds to elapse for each pour. Avoid pouring water on the filter, and once the water drops down to one inch of the of the filter, repeat the process for a 3rd and 4th pour.
Step 5: Wait and Enjoy
Allow the water to completely pass through the filter into the coffee cup. Once that is complete, remove the filter to avoid over extracting the grounds. The coffee is now ready to be served and enjoyed!
Note: If your brew happened too quickly adjust to a finer grind size, if the brew took too long, use a coarser grind. The brew should take between 3 and 4 minutes.